Monday, 24 September 2018

HTML FUNDAMENTALS

WEB DESIGNING COURSE ONLINE

A website is composed of millions of webpages containing text,graphics,sounds,videos and
links to other webpages.For learning web designing we need to learn HTML. Each webpage
is generally a single HTML document.

HTML
HTML stands for hypertext markup language. It was created by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN,
the  European Laboratory for particle physics in Geneva .It was later modified to understood universally.
HTML is simplified subset of a more general markup language called SGML(Standard
generalized markup language).
HTML is extremely simple and requires no knowledge of programming  in its basic
form.



EACH WORD IN HTML HAS SPECIAL MEANING
The word hypertext refers to the text which acts as alink.we can go to any webpage on internet
by simply clicking on it.
The word markup refers to the symbols or sequence of characters added to ordinary text to
define the structure of the text.the symbols used for markup tell the browser how to display
the text and are often called as tags.
The word language refers to the syntax of HTML.

A MARKUP LANGUAGE IS NOT  PROGRAMMINGLANGUAGE.
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE CONSISTS OF SET OF INSTRUCTIONS
THAT ARE COMPILED INTO PROGRAMS.C,C++ ETC ARE EXAMPLE OF
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES.THE MARKUP LANGUAGES GENERATE
DOCUMENTS THAT ARE INTERPRETED BY SPECIAL PROGRAMS SUCH AS
BROWSER.

HTML is a special formatting languages  used for web designing that defines the appearance
and contents  of a webpage.HTML is a method where ordinary text can be converted into
hypertext using a special set of tags to control the layout and appearance of the text.HTML
is been used for the last 15 years and has undergone a lot of improvements.HTML is one the
most commonly used interface language used now a days for the web.

COMMONLY USED TERMS IN WEB DESIGNING

Before you start creating web pages you must be aware about  these terms
WEB BROWSER
It is an application program that is used to view the requested web pages .When  a web
browser opens a webpage,it interprets the tags used in a webpage. Some types of browsers
are chrome,firefox,opera,internet explorer,netscape navigator etc

WEB SERVER
It is a software that serves the requested web pages to the web users.  It hosts web pages,scripts,multimedia files and serves them to web browsers. Any computer can be used as
server. It should have robust operating system on it and high speed internet.commonly used
servers are IIS( internet information server),apache web server,personal web server(PWS) etc.

URL
Uniform resource locator identifies the exact address of the requested web page on the
internet.
Example
http://www.mycollege.com:80/college/default.html

TAG
A tag is a command that tells browser that how display the contents of the HTML document.
Tags are indicated by a pair of angled brackets <>. Tag names are specified between these brackets.we close a tag with a forward slash  /. Most of tags are used in pair, one is start tag and
other is end tag which is used with forward slash .Tags are also known as containers and they
play a vital role in web designing course for making website look attractive.

ADVANTAGES OF HTML IN WEB DESIGNING

HTML is very simple. So  it is possible to create web pages without knowing anything
about the HTML source behind the page.
HTML files are the plain text files. So they can be composed easily.
HTML documents can be created and edited on any type of interface such as windows,mac,
unix etc.
Web pages created using HTML can be runned on any web browser.
No plug-in installation is required to run web pages created using HTML.
HTML is easily understandable. It is not complicated as programming languages.
HTML have made web designing easier and less complicated


LIMITATIONS OF HTML IN WEB DESIGNING

HTML defines a fixed set of elements .i.e. You can only use tags defined in HTML.
HTML provides many facilities like displaying wide range of web pages with different
colors,shapes but it is not a true programming language.
HTML is not suitable for data interchange.
HTML lacks robust linking mechanism.
We can not create animations using HTML.
Output in HTML can vary on different web browsers.


THIS CONTENT IS GOING TO HELP YOU OUT FOR YOUR ONLINE
WEB DESIGNING COURSE.



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